Common Plant Names

A compendium of historical and culturally significant (and insignificant) nomenclature of common wildflowers that has been lost over the past 150 years.

Compiled by kbarton

Dedication to Ethel HalseyIntroduction


One of the earliest plant names I learned was Old Maid Pinks. My grandmother had Old Maid Pinks growing around the doorstone of her home when I was child. I never knew if they were called that because they were as homely as an old maid or because they were the only flowers an old maid was likely to ever receive. Either way, the name stayed with me through adolescence and into adulthood when I found they were "really" called Evening Lychnis. The same situation occurred with Scoke. In spring, my family would go out looking for the new shoots. My mother would warn us not to pick any that had started to turn red. After gathering them, we would return home where my mother would cook the spring greens and serve them over toast. So I grew up with Scoke and only later discovered the books referred to it as Poke or Pokeweed. The old Yankee names from childhood were gradually replaced by the names found in books. What happened to me on a personal level also happened on a cultural level.

Nomenclature of plants, both common and scientific, have evolved over the years. Where scientific names keep the nomenclature relevant to current thinking and scientific research, common names are more likely to reflect the interaction of people with a plant through its uses (Soapwort), indentifying characteristics (Bloodroot), or effects on either animal or human health (Lambkill or Madweed). Common names like Lady's Ear Drop or Old-Maid's-Nightcap capture the similarity of a flower to an everyday object and shed light on the culture and attitudes of the past. While the scientific community keeps a record of past botanical names, nobody really notices when a plant loses or changes its common name. It was often part of an oral tradition kept alive through use. If it was replaced with new terminology and/or wasn't passed to the next generation of speakers, it was lost. A common name does not affect the scientific status of a plant or the attitudes of the general public. A rose by any other name would smell as sweet and, no matter what you call Poison Ivy, if you get a rash from it, you're going to regret it. This loss/neglect results in a gradual erosion of a plant's cultural history and identity.

Over the last 200 years, a number of botanical guides have been written about native plants. These field guides were/are produced to keep botanical names up to date, to reflect current scientific thinking and to make the identification easier for both the amateur and professional. For every generation of naturalists and every region of the country there is THE field guide that becomes the undeniable authority, standardizing the plant names and locking them into a specific time and place thereby stripping them of the diversity and richness that comes from their historic place in the culture.

The early colonists lived in the woods. It wasn't something that they visited on the weekends. It was part of their lives. They hunted in them. They got the materials to build their homes from them. They gathered plants for food, medicines, and household use. And they had names for the plants they gathered. These names reflected the needs and attitudes of the local community in a specific geographical area.

Since communication was so difficult in the 17th and 18th centuries, there was no homogenous development of terminology. The vocabulary of every day life evolved specifically for each region of the country. This is the same principle that results in the various languages of the world. And, if England and the U.S. are separated by a common language, so too were New Hampshire and North Carolina in colonial times. In 1817, Dr. James Bigelow, wrote in his American Medical Botany Vol. I concerning the development of common names and Poison Sumac; "In Massachusetts it is universally known by the name Dogwood. This appellation, being applied through out the country to Cornus florida serves to shew the fallacy of depending on vulgar or provincial names for the distinction of plants, A mistake of very injurious consequence might easily arise from the confusion of the English names of two trees so dissimilar in their qualities."

This web page contains a collection of common names as found in field guides, educational books and publications that were printed from 1817 to 1948. Some of these books are in my personal library and some are references that are available on the internet. I attempted to list a specific version of a name only once, but included some very similar variations. When a name was found in more than one book, it was listed under the book in which it was first found. Plants are listed alphabetically by a common name, usually the one found in Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. This is followed by the botanical name and the USDA common name for the plant. After this, the names found for the plant are listed under the source title with the page number. The exception to this is the Herb Hunter Guide, an online resource, where I have listed the name used at that site. There is a table of contents below listing the plants included in this article. You can also use your browser to search for instances of a specific name or to find out if a name was used for several species. In the pdf, I have included an index/cross-reference section and the bibliography.

This is not meant to be a complete or definitive collection of common names. The research was done to satisfy my personal curiosity about old plant names. Thinking that other wild plant people might find it of interest, I decided to share it.

Kathy Barton

Bibliography

To down load a pdf of this article, click here.

Index

Current Common Name Current Common Name Current Common Name Current Common Name
Agrimony Dog Violet Painted Cup Spikenard
American Bittersweet Dutchman's Breeches Painted Trillium Spotted Coralroot
American Pennyroyal Dwarf Ginseng Pale Corydalis Spreading Dogbane
American Water Horehound Early Saxifrage Partridge Berry Squirrel Corn
Arethusa Elecampane Partridge Pea Starflower
Arrow Arum Evening Lychnis Pasture Rose Steeple-bush
Autumn Coralroot Evening Primrose Pearly Everlasting Striped Pipsisewa
Beach Pea Fall Dandelion Peppermint Swamp Candles
Bear Berry False Hellebore Perfoliate Bellwort Swamp Rose Mallow
Beechdrops False Solomon's Seal Pigweed Sweet Everlasting
Beggar Ticks Fern-leaved False Foxglove Pimpernel Sweet Fern
Bindweed Flowering Dogwood Pinesap Sweet Flag
Bird's Foot Violet Foam-flower Pink Azalea Sweet Goldenrod
Black Cohosh For-get-me-not Pink Knotweed Sweet Pepperbush
Black Mustard Four-leaved Milkweed Pink Ladyslipper Sweet White Clover
Black-eyed Susan Fringed Polygala Pipsissewa Sweet-scented Water lily
Bladder Campion Frostweed Pitcher-plant Tall Buttercup
Blazing Star Gill-over-the-ground Poison Hemlock Tansy
Bloodroot Goat's Rue Poison Ivy Thimbleweed
Blue Cohosh Golden Alexanders Posion Sumac Thread-leaved Sundew
Blue Curls Golden Ragwort Poke Milkweed Toothwort
Blue Flag Goldenseal Pokeweed Trailing Arbutus
Blue Toadflax Goldthread Purple Corn Cockle Trout Lily
Blue Vervain Grass Pink Purple Gerardia True Solomon's Seal
Bluets Greenbrier Purple Milkwort Tubercled Orchid
Boneset Groundnut Purple Trillium Turk's-cap Lily
Bulbous Buttercup Heal-all Purple-stemmed Aster Turtlehead
Bunchberry Herb Robert Pussy-toes Twinleaf
Burdock Horse Balm Queen Anne's Lace Venus' Looking-glass
Butter-and-eggs Horse Nettle Rabbit's-foot Clover Viper's Bugloss
Butterfly weed Horseweed Ragged Green Orchid Virginia Cowslip
Buttonbush Indian Hemp Rattlesnake Plantain Virginia Mountain Mint
Canada Lily Indian Pipe Rattlesnakeroot Virgin's Bower
Canada Mayflower Indian Tobacco Rattlesnake-weed Water Hemlock
Canadian  Cinquefoil Jack-in-the-Pulpit Red Clover Water Knotweed
Cardinal Flower Jewelweed Rhododendron Water Parsnip
Carpenter's Square Jimsonweed Robin's Plantain Wavy-leaved Aster
Celendine Joe-Pye-weed Rose Pink White Baneberry
Chicory Ladies' Tresses Rose Pogonia White Fringed Orchid
Cleavers Large purple-fringed Orchid Round-leaved Hepatica White Snakeroot
Colic-root Large-rounded leaved Orchid Round-leaved Shin-leaf Whorled Loosestrife
Coltsfoot Larger Bur Marigold Round-leaved Sundew Wild Calla
Common Barberry Lesser Stitchwort Round-leaved Yellow Violet Wild Coffee
Common Blue Violet Live-for-ever Rue Anemone Wild Columbine
Common Cat-tail Lousewort Sanicle Wild Cucumber
Common Elder Mad-dog Skullcap Sea Lavender Wild Geranium
Common Juniper Many-flowered White Aster Seneca Snakeroot Wild Ginger
Common Mallow Marsh Marigold Sessile-leaved Bell-wort Wild Ginseng
Common Milkweed May Apple Sheep Laurel Wild Indigo
Common Speedwell Meadow Beauty Shepherd's Purse Wild Lettuce
Common St. John'swort Meadow-sweet Shinleaf Wild Parsnip
Corn Spurrey Mitrewort Showy Orchis Wild Sarsaparilla
Cow Vetch Mossy Stonecrop Shrubby Cinquefoil Wintercress
Creeping Snowberry Motherwort Silvery Cinquefoil Wintergreen
Culver's Root Mountain Laurel Skunk Cabbage Witch Hazel
Cut-leaved Toothwort Mullein Slender Ladies' tresses Wood Anemone
Cypress Spurge Narrow-leaved Cat-tail Small Purple-fringed Orchid Wood Lily
Daisy Fleabane New England Aster Small White Aster Woodbine
Dalibarda New Jersey Tea Snow Trillium Yarrow
Dandelion New York Ironweed Soapwort Yellow  Forest Violet
Deadly Nightshade Nodding Trillium Sour Grass Yellow Bedstraw
Devil's Bit One-flowered Pyrola Spearmint Yellow Ladyslipper
Devil's Paint-brush Oswego Tea Spicebush Yellow Pond Lily
Dodder Ox-eye Daisy Spiderwort Yellow Star Grass
      Yellow Wood-sorrel

 

 
   
     
Common Name:
 
Agrimony
Botanical Name
 
Agrimonia gryposepala
USDA:
 
Tall Hairy Agrimony
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
136
   
Tall Hairy Agrimony
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
American Bittersweet
Botanical Name
 
Celastrus scandens
USDA:
 
American Bittersweet
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
American Bittersweet
   
American Bittersweet, False Bittersweet, Climbing Bittersweet,
Shrubby Bittersweet, Fevertwig, Fever-twitch, Staff tree,
Climbing Staff tree, Staff vine, Waxwork, Roxbury Waxwork,
Yellowroot, Climbing Orange-root, Jacob's-ladder.
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
American Pennyroyal
Botanical Name
 
Hedeoma pulegioides
USDA:
 
American False Pennyroyal
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
American Pennyroyal
   
Pennyroyal, Stinking Balm, Mosquito Plant
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
356
   
American Pennyroyal, Mock Pennyroyal, Tickweed, Squaw-mint
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
American Water Horehound
Botanical Name
 
Lycopus americanus
USDA:
 
American Water Horehound
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Bugleweed
   
Buglewort, American Water Hoarhound, Sweet Bugleweed,
Carpenter's Herb, Green Archangel, Gypsyweed, Paul's Betony,
Woodbetony, Wolf Foot, Purple Archangel, Water Bugle,
Gypsywort, Gypsy Herb, Virginia Hoarhound.
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
334
   
Bugle-weed, Virginia Horehound, Archangel (local)
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Arethusa
Botanical Name
 
Arethusa bulbosa
USDA:
 
Dragon’s Mouth
 
Source:
 
Flora of North America II
Page:  
49
   
Bulbous-rooted Arethusa
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
190
   
Indian Pink
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
47
   
Wild Pink
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Arrow Arum
Botanical Name
 
Peltandra virginica
USDA:
 
Green Arrow Arum
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
24
   
Arrow Arum, Green Arrow Arum
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Autumn Coralroot
Botanical Name
 
Corallorhiza odontorhiza
USDA:
 
Autumn Coralroot
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:  
210
   
Late Coralroot, Small Coralroot
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
72
   
Crawley, Dragon’s Claw, Chickentoe
 
Source:
 
Orchids of New England
Page:  
73
   
Dragon Claw, Coral-tooth, Small Late Coralroot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Beach Pea
Botanical Name
 
Lathyrus japonicus
USDA:
 
Beach Pea
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
314
   
Seaside Pea, Sea Pea, Beach Pea, Everlasting Pea
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bearberry
Botanical Name
 
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
USDA:
 
Kinnikinnick
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:  
67
   
Bear Berry, Bear’s Grape
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Bearberry
   
Uva-ursi, Red Bearberry, Bear’s-grape, Bear’s Bilberry, Bear’s Whortleberry,
Foxberry, Upland Cranberry, Mountain Cranberry, Crowberry, Mealberry,
Rockberry, Mountain Box, Kinnikinnic, Killikinnic, Universe Vine, Brawling,
Burren Myrtle, Creashak, Rapper Dandies (fruit)
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
272
   
Kinnikinnick, Mealy-berry, Hog Cranberry, Barren Myrtle,  Creashals,
Brawlins, Sagachomi
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Beechdrops
Botanical Name
 
Epifagus virginiana
USDA:
 
Beechdrops
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
330
   
Cancer-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Beggar Ticks
Botanical Name
 
Bidens frondosa
USDA:
 
Devil’s Beggartick
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
187
   
Beggar-ticks, Stick-tight, Stick-weed, Rayless Marigold,
Pitch-forks, Common Bur Marigold
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bindweed
Botanical Name
 
Calystegia sepium
USDA:
 
Hedge False Bindweed
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
238
   
Hedge Bindweed, Great Bindweed, Wild Morning Glory,
Bell-bind, Rutland’s Beauty, Lady’s Nightcap
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bird’s Foot Violet
Botanical Name
 
Viola pedata
USDA:
 
Birdfoot Violet
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
239
   
Bird’s foot Violet, Crowfoot Violet, Velvets, Sand Violet, Wood-violet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Black Cohosh
Botanical Name
 
Actaea podocarpa
USDA:
 
Mountain Bugbane
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
100
   
Black Snakeroot, Tall Bugbane
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Cohosh Bugbane
   
Cohosh Bugbane, Bugwort, Rattlesnakeroot, Rattleweed, Rattletop, Richweed,
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
40
   
Rattleroot, Squawroot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Black Mustard
Botanical Name
 
Brassica nigra
USDA:
 
Black Mustard
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Black Mustard
   
Red Mustard, Brown Mustard, Cadlock, Kerlock, Senvre, Scurvy  
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Black-eyed Susan
Botanical Name
 
Rudbeckia hirta
USDA:
 
Blackeyed Susan
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
142
   
Cone-flower, Yellow Daisy, Ox-eye Daisy, Golden Jerusalem
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
402
   
Brown-eyed Susan, Yellow Ox-eye Daisy, Great Hairy Rudbeckia
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
183
   
Cornflower, Black-eyed Susan
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bladder Campion
Botanical Name
 
Silene vulgaris
USDA:
 
Maidenstears
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:  
25
   
Spattling
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
221
   
Behen, Cow-bell, Spattering Poppy, Frothy Poppy
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Blazing Star
Botanical Name
 
Liatris scariosa
USDA:
 
Devil’s Bite
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
302
   
Button Snakeroot, Gay Feather
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
76
   
Button Snakeroot, Gay Feather
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
374
   
Large Button Snakeroot, Blue Blazing Star
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bloodroot
Botanical Name
 
Sanguinaria canadensis
USDA:
 
Bloodroot
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:  
75
   
Blood Root, Puccoon, Turmeric, Red Root
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Bloodroot
   
Button Snakeroot, Gay Feather
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
44
   
Indian Plant, Tetterwort, Sanguinaria
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
245
   
Indian Paint, Red Puccoon
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Blue Cohosh
Botanical Name
 
Caulophyllum thalictroides
USDA:
 
Blue Cohosh
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
338
   
Pappoose Root, Blue Cohosh
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Blue Cohosh
   
Caulophyllum, Blueberry Root, Blue Ginseng, Yellow Ginseng
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
45
   
Squawroot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Blue Curls
Botanical Name
 
Trichostema dichotomum
USDA:
 
Forked Bluecurls
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
351
   
Bastard Pennyroyal
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Blue Flag
Botanical Name
 
Iris versicolor
USDA:
 
Harlequin Blueflag
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:  
155
   
Blue Flag, Flower de luce
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Blueflag Iris
   
Iris, Flag Lily, Liver Lily, Snake Lily, Poison Flag, Water Flag,
American Fleur-de-lis, American Flower-de-luce
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
35
   
Large Blue Flag
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Blue Toadflax
Botanical Name
 
Nuttallanthus canadensis
USDA:
 
Canada Toadflax
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
316
   
Wild Toadflax, Blue Linaria, Blue Toadflax
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
361
   
Blue Toad Flax, Wild Toad Flax
 
 
   
 
     
Common Name:
 
Blue Vervain
Botanical Name
 
Verbena hastata
USDA:
 
Swamp Verbena
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
296
   
Wild Hyssop, Simpler’s Joy
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Blue Vervain
   
Verbain, False Verbain, Ironweed
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
47
   
Blue Vervain, Indian Hyssop
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
322
   
Purvain, American Vervain, Juno’s-tears, Pigeon’s Grass
(“because pigeon’s are delighted to be amongst it, also to eat thereof.”)
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bluets
Botanical Name
 
Houstonia caerulea
USDA:
 
Azure Bluet
 
Source:
 
Flora of North America I
Page:  
119
   
Fairy-Flax, Bluett, Sky-Blue Houstonia
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
276
   
Quaker Ladies, Quaker Bonnets, Venus Pride, Houstonia
 
Source:
 
TLittle Flower Folks I
Page:  
118
   
Bluetts
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
358
   

Bluets, Innocence (said to be the only common name they do not share with
any other flower*), Eyebright, Venus’ Pride, Angel Eyes, Blue-eyed Babies,
Bright-eyes, Star of Bethlehem  

* In A Guide to the Wildflowers, the name
Innocence also refers to Blue-eyed Mary, Collinsia verna (pg. 108).

 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Boneset
Botanical Name
 
Eupatorium perfoliatum
USDA:
 
Common Boneset
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:  
33
   
Thorough Wort, Thorough Wax, Cross Wort, Bone Set
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
68
   
Thoroughwort, Ague-weed, Indian Sage
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Boneset
   
Thorough-stem, Thoroughwax, Wood Boneset, Teasel,
Feverwort, Sweating Plant, Vegetable Antimony, Tearal, Wild Isaac
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
364
   
Common Thoroughwort, Thorough-grow, Thoroughstem, Thorough-wax
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
301
   
Wild Sage, Cross-wort, Boneset
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bulbous Buttercup
Botanical Name
 
Ranunculus bulbosus
USDA:
 
St. Anthony’s Turnip
 
Source:
 
American medical botany II
Page:  
61
   
Bulbous Crowfoot, Yellow Weed
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
101
   
Bulbous Buttercup, English Kingcup, Frogwort, St. Anthony’s Turnip
 
Source:
 
A Guide to the Wildflowers
Page:  
257
   
Golden Cups
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
120
   
King Cup, Gold Cup
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Bunchberry
Botanical Name
 
Cornus canadensis
USDA:
 
Bunchberry Dogwood
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
284
   
Low Cornel, Dwarf Cornel, Bunchberry
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Burdock
Botanical Name
 
Arctium minus
USDA:
 
Lesser Burdock
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Burdock
   
Cockle Button, Cuckold Dock, Hurr-burr, Beggar’s Buttons,
Stick-button, Hardock, Bardane
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
58
   
Bardana, Clotburr
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
90
   
Cockle Bur, Beggar’s Button, Cuckoo Button
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Butter-and-eggs
Botanical Name
 
Linaria vulgaris
USDA:
 
Butter-and-eggs
 
Source:
 
Little Flower Folks II
Page:  
61
   
Horse’s Lip
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
347
   
Butter and eggs, Wild Flax, Devil’s Flax, Bread and Butter,
Wild Snap-dragon, Devil’s Flower, Ramsted, Ramcid,
Deadmen’s-bones, Jacob’s Ladder, Impudent Lawyer
 
Source:
 
WildFlowers of New England
Page:  
36
   
Toadflax
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
164
   
Yellow Toad-flax, Bride-weed, Flaxweed, Eggs-and-bacon
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Butterfly Weed
Botanical Name
 
Asclepias tuberosa
USDA:
 
Butterfly Milkweed
 
Source:
 
American medical botany II
Page:  
59
   
Butterflyweed, Pleurisy Root
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
183
   
Orange-root, Orange Milkweed
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Butterfly Weed
   
Canada-root, Indian Posy, Orange Swallowwort,
Tuberroot, Whiteroot, Yellow Milkweed
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
313
   
Butterfly Weed, Colic-root, Flux-root, Swallow-wort,
Orange Apocynum, Butterfly Flower, Tuber-root, White-root
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
159
   
Wind-root, Butterfly-weed, Pleurisy-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Buttonbush
Botanical Name
 
Cephalanthus occidentalis
USDA:
 
Common Buttonbush
 
Source:
 
Flora of North America III
Page:  
56
   
Button-wood, American Button-wood, Globe-flowered Shrub, Pond Dogwood
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
90
   
Buttonbush, Globe-flower, Honey-balls, Button-ball Shrub, River-bush
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Canada Lily
Botanical Name
 
Lilium canadense
USDA:
 
Canada Lily
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
134
   
Wild Yellow Lily, Meadow Lily, Field Lily, Canada Lily
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
99
   
Yellow Lily, Wild Lily
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Canada Mayflower
Botanical Name
 
Maianthemum canadense
USDA:
 
Canada Mayflower
 
Source:
 
Flora of North America II
Page:  
99
   
Two-leaved Smilacina
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
26
   
Two-leaved Solomon’s Seal, False Lily-of-the-Valley, Canada Mayflower
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
29
   
Wild Lily-of-the-Valley, Cowslip, Bead-ruby, One-leaf, One-blade
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Canadian Cinquefoil
Botanical Name
 
Potentilla canadensis
USDA:
 
Dwarf Cinquefoil
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
114
   
Cinquefoil, Five Finger
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:  
131
   
Common Five-finger
 
Source:
 
A Guide to the Wildflowers
Page:  
262
   
Common Cinquefoil
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
93
   
Five-finger Grass
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
135
   
Wild Strawberry
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Cardinal Flower
Botanical Name
 
Lobelia cardinalis
USDA:
 
Cardinalflower
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
352
   
Red Betty, Slink-weed, Hog’s-physic
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
25
   
Cardinal Flower, Red Lobelia
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Carpenter’s Square
Botanical Name
 
Scrophularia marilandica
USDA:
 
Carpenter’s Square
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
Figwort
   
Maryland Figwort, Heal-all, Pilewort, Carpenter’s Square
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Celandine
Botanical Name
 
Chelidonium majus
USDA:
 
Celandine
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
138
   
Celandine, Greater Celandine, Swallow-wort
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
Celandine
   
Chelidonium, Garden Celandine, Killwart, Wart Flower,
Wartweed, Wartwort, Felonwort, Cockfoot, Devil’s-milk,
Jacob’s-ladder, Wretweed
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
106
   
Great Celandine, Kill-wort, Felon-wort
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
127
   
Tetter-wort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Chicory
Botanical Name
 
Cichorium intybus
USDA:
 
Chicory
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
302
   
Blue Sailors, Bunk
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Cleavers
Botanical Name
 
Galium aparine
USDA:
 
Stickwilly
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
112
   
Bed Straw, Catchweed
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
297
   
Goose Grass, Cleaverwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Colic-root
Botanical Name
 
Aletris farinosa
USDA:
 
White Colicroot
 
Source:
 
American medical botany II
Page:  
93
   
Star Grass, Blazing Star
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Aletris
   
Stargrass, Mealy Starwort, Starwort Unicorn Root,
True Unicorn Root, Unicornplant, Unicorn’s-horn,
Colicroot, Devil’s-bit, Ague Grass, Aloeroot, Huskwort
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
244
   
Star Root, Ague Root, Crow Corn, Unicorn Root
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
31
   
Ague-root, Star-root, Husk-root, Blazing-star Spanish Bayonet (local)
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
212
   
Star-grass
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Coltsfoot
Botanical Name
 
Tussilago farfara
USDA:
 
Coltsfoot
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Coltsfoot
   
Coltsfoot, Coughwort, Assfoot, Horsefoot, Foalfoot, Bull’s-foot,
Horsehoof, Colt-herb, Clayweed, Cleats, Dove-dock, Dummyweed,
Ginger, Gingerroot, Hoofs, Sowfoot, British Tobacco, Gowan
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Barberry
Botanical Name
 
Berberis vulgaris
USDA:
 
Common Barberry
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
123
   
Pepperidge Bush
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Blue Violet
Botanical Name
 
Viola sororia
USDA:
 
Common Blue Violet
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
312
   
Common Violet, Purple Violet, Meadow Violet, Hooded Blue Violet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Cat-tail
Botanical Name
 
Typha latifolia
USDA:
 
Broadleaf Cattail
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflower
Page:   
7
   
Broad-leaved Cat-tail, Great Reed-mace, Cat-o’-nine-tails,
Marsh Beetle, Marsh Pestle, Cat-tail Flag, Flax-tail, Black-cap,
Bulb-segg, Water Torch, Bee Bresh, Candlewick, Blackamoor
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Elder
Botanical Name
 
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
USDA:
 
American Black Elderberry, Common Elderberry
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
40
   
Common  Elder, Elderberry, American Elder, Sweet Elder, Blackberried Elder
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
American Elder
   
Sambucus, Elder Flowers, Elder Blows
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Juniper
Botanical Name
 
Juniperus communis
USDA:
 
Common Juniper
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
Common Juniper
   
Common Juniper, Fairy Circle, Hackmatack, Horse Savin, Gorst, Aiten
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Mallow
Botanical Name
 
Malva neglecta
USDA:
 
Common Mallow
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
52
   
Cheeses
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
209
   
Common Mallow, Running Mallow, Blue Mallow, Country Mallow,
Dutch-cheeses, Doll-cheeses, Fairy-cheeses, Maud, Malice,
Round Dock, Shirt-button Plant
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
60
   
Low Mallow, Dwarf Mallow, Cheese Flower
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Milkweed
Botanical Name
 
Asclepias syriaca
USDA:
 
Common Milkweed
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
236
   
Silkweed, Common Milkweed
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
312
   
Cotton-weed, Rubber-tree, Silky Swallow-wort, Virginia Silk,
Virginia Swallow-wort, Wild Cotton
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common Speedwell
Botanical Name
 
Veronica officinalis
USDA:
 
Common Gypsyweed
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
314
   
Common Speedwell, Fluellin, Paul’s Betony, Ground-hele
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:   
238
   
Low Speedwell, Veronica
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
365
   
Upland Speedwell, Common Speedwell
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Common St. John’swort
Botanical Name
 
Hypericum perforatum
USDA:
 
Common St. Johnswort
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
220
   
Herb John, John’s-wort, Speckled John, Amber John,
Rosin Rose, Penny-John, Touch-and-Heal
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Corn Spurrey
Botanical Name
 
Spergula arvensis
USDA:
 
Corn Spurry
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:   
20
   
Pickpurse
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
84
   
Corn-spurry, Cow-quake, Pink-purse, Pine-cheat,
Poverty-weed, Sandweed, Spurry, Yarr
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Cow Vetch
Botanical Name
 
Vicia cracca
USDA:
 
Bird Vetch
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
280
   
Tare, Tufted Vetch, Blue Vetch, Cat Peas, Tinegrass, Cow Vetch
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
166
   
Cat Pea, Time Grass, Bird Vetch, Cat Vetch
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Creeping Snowberry
Botanical Name
 
Gaultheria hispidula
USDA:
 
Creeping Snowberry
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
291
   
Moxie Plum, Creeping Snowberry
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Culver’s Root
Botanical Name
 
Veronicastrum virginicum
USDA:
 
Culver’s Root
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
Culvers-Physic
   
Culvers-physic, Culvers-root, Blackroot, Bowmansroot, Beaumont Root,
Brinton Root, Tall Speedwell, Tall Veronica, Physic-root, Whorlywort
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:   
42
   
Leptandra
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
297
   
Black-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Botanical Name
 
Cardamine concatenata
USDA:
 
Cutleaf Toothwort
 
Source:
 
Flora of North America III
Page:  
4
   
Jagged-leaved Toothwort
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
6
   
Cut-leaved Toothwort, Pepper-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Cypress Spurge
Botanical Name
 
Euphorbia cyparissias
USDA:
 
Cypress Spurge
 
Source:
 
Nantucket Wildflowers
Page:  
186
   
Spurge Cypress, Napoleon’s Plume (local), Bonaparte’s Crown,
Quack Salver’s Grass, Tree Moss, Balsam, Garden Spurge,
Kiss-me-Dick, Welcome-to-our-house, Graveyardweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Daisy Fleabane
Botanical Name
 
Erigeron annuus
USDA:
 
Eastern Daisy Fleabane
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
56
   
Sweet Scabious, Daisy Fleabane
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Dalibarda
Botanical Name
 
Dalibarda repens
USDA:
 
Robin Runaway
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:  
48
   
Dalibarda, Dewdrop, Star Violet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Dandelion
Botanical Name
 
Taraxacum officinale
USDA:
 
Common Dandelion
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
Dandelion
   
Doon-head-clock, Fortune Teller, Horse Gowan, Yellow Gowan, One-o’clock
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
421
   
Common Dandelion, Blow-ball, Puff Ball, Cancer Wort, Milk-witch,
Monk’s-head, Priest’s-crown, Arnica, Witches’ Gowan, Fortune-teller
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
193
   
Blowball, Lion’s-tooth, Cankerwort, Irish Daisy
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Deadly Nightshade
Botanical Name
 
Solanum dulcamara
USDA:
 
Climbing Nightshade
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:   
170
   
Bitter Sweet, Woody Nightshade
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
282
   
Blue Bindweed, Felonwort, Scarletberry, Snakeberry, Poison Flower
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:  
312
   
Bittersweet Nightshade
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
37
   
Mortal, Fever Twig, Violet Bloom
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
338
   
Bitter Nightshade, Dulcamara, Dogwood, Climbing Nightshade
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
360
   
Nightshade, Bittersweet, Poison Berry, Poison-flower, Snake Berry
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Devil’s Bit
Botanical Name
 
Chamaelirium luteum
USDA:
 
Fairywand
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Chamaelirium
   
Helonias, Unicorn Root, False Unicorn Root, Blazing-star,
Drooping Starwort, Starwort, Unicorn’s-horn
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Devil’s Paint-brush
Botanical Name
 
Hieracium aurantiacum
USDA:
 
Orange Hawkweed
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
172
   
Orange Hawkweed, Tawny Hawkweed, Devil’s Paint-brush, Grim the Collier
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:   
199
   
Golden Mouse-ear Hawkweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Dodder
Botanical Name
 
Cuscuta Gronovii
USDA:
 
Scaldweed
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
84
   
Common Dodder, Strangle-weed, Love Vine, Angel’s Hair
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
317
   
Wild Dodder, Scald Weed, Onion Dodder, Devil’s-gut
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Dog Violet
Botanical Name
 
Viola labradorica
USDA:
 
Alpine Violet
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
311
   
Running Violet, Dog Violet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Dutchman’s Breeches
Botanical Name
 
Dicentra cucullaria
USDA:
 
Dutchman’s Breeches
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
4
   
Ear-drops, White Hearts, Soldier Caps
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:   
32
   
Indian Boys and Girls
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Dwarf Ginseng
Botanical Name
 
Panax trifolius
USDA:
 
Dwarf Ginseng
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
20
   
Dwarf Ginseng, Ground Nut
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Early Saxifrage
Botanical Name
 
Saxifraga virginiensis
USDA:
 
Early Saxifrage
 
Source:
 
Little Flower Folks I
Page:   
97
   
Virginia Saxifrage
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Elecampane
Botanical Name
 
Inula helenium
USDA:
 
Elecampane Inula
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
164
   
Elecampane, Horseheal, Yellow Starwort
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Elecampane
   
Inula, Inul, Elf Dock, Elfwort, Horse Elder, Velvet Dock, Wild Sunflower
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
81
   
Scabwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Evening Lychnis
Botanical Name
 
Silene latifolia ssp. alba
USDA:
 
Bladder Campion
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
50
   
White Campion, Evening Lychnis
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
92
   
Bladder Campion, Catchfly, Devil’s Rattle-box, Rattle-box, Bull Rattle, Snappers,
Cow-bell, Knap-bottle, White-bottle, Frothy Poppy, Bubble Poppy, Sprattling Poppy,
Spider’s Flower, White-hen, Sea-pink, Bird’s-eggs, Behen, Maiden’s-tears
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Evening Primrose
Botanical Name
 
Oenothera biennis
USDA:
 
Common  Evening Primrose
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
154
   
Common Evening Primrose, Evening Primrose, Night Willow-herb
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Fall Dandelion
Botanical Name
 
Leontodon autumnalis
USDA:
 
Fall Dandelion
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
166
   
Autumn Hawkbit
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:   
420
   
Fall Dandelion, Hawk-bit, Arnica, August Flower, Lion’s-tooth,
Dog Dandelion, Arnica Bud
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
False Hellebore
Botanical Name
 
Veratrum viride
USDA:
 
Green False Hellebore
 
Source:
 
American medical botany II
Page:  
121
   
American Hellebore, Hellebore, Poke Root
 
Source:
 
A Guide to the Wildflowers
Page:  
46
   
Puppet-root
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
American False-Hellebore
   
True Veratrum, Green Veratrum, American Veratrum,
Swamp Hellebore, Big Hellebore, Bear Corn, Bugbane,
Bugwort, Devil’s-bite, Earth Gall, Tickleweed, Duck-retter
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
18
   
American Hellebore, Green Hellebore
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
206
   
American White Hellebore, Indian Poke, Itch-weed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
False Solomon's Seal
Botanical Name
 
Maianthemum racemosum
USDA:
 
Feathery False Lily of the Valley
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
32
   
False Spikenard, Solomon's Zigzag
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
28
   
False Solomon's Seal, Job's Tears, Golden Seal,
Small Soloman's Seal, Zigzag Solomon's Seal
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
207
   
Wild Spikenard
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Fern-leaved False Foxglove
Botanical Name
 
Aureolaria pedicularia
USDA:
 
Fernleaf Yellow False Foxglove
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
160
   
Bushy Gerardia
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
230
   
Fern Leaf False Foxglove, Lousewort False Foxglove
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Flowering Dogwood
Botanical Name
 
Cornus florida
USDA:
 
Flowering Dogwood
 
Source:
 
American medical botany II
Page:  
73
   
Dogwood
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
FLOWERING DOGWOOD
   
Flowering Dogwood, Cornus, American Dogwood, Virginia Dogwood,
Florida Dogwood, American Cornelian Tree, Flowering Corner, Florida Cornel,
White Cornel, Indian Arrowwood, Nature's-mistake
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Foam-flower
Botanical Name
 
Tiarella cordifolia
USDA:
 
Heartleaf Foamflower
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
10
   
Foam-flower, False Mitrewort, Coolwort, Nancy-over-the-ground
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
43
   
White Coolwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
For-get-me-not
Botanical Name
 
Myosotis scorpioides
USDA:
 
True Forget-me-not
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
313
   
Mouse-ear, Snake Grass, Scorpion Grass, Love-me
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Four-leaved Milkweed
Botanical Name
 
Asclepias quadrifolia
USDA:
 
Fourleaf Milkweed
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
25
   
Four-leaved Swallow-wort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Fringed Polygala
Botanical Name
 
Polygala paucifolia
USDA:
 
Gaywings
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
59
   
Few-leaved Polygala, Large-flowered Milk-wort, Evergreen Snake-root
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
210
   
Fringed Milkwort, Gaywings, Flowering Wintergreen, Fringed Polygala
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
25
   
Bird-on-the-Wing
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Frostweed
Botanical Name
 
Helianthemum canadense
USDA:
 
Longbranch Frostweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
182
   
Rockrose, Frost-flower, Longbranched Frostweed, Canadian Rockrose, Frostweed
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW .
Page:  
147
   
Frostwort, Canadian Rock Rose
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Gill-over-the-ground
Botanical Name
 
Glechoma hederacea
USDA:
 
Ground Ivy
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
276
   
Ground Ivy, Ground Joy, Creeping Charlie, Field Balm
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
GROUND-IVY
   
Gill, Robin-runs-away
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
114
   
Gill-go-by-the-ground, Ale Hoof, Turnhoof
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
328
   
Gill-over-the-ground, Robin-runaway, Gill-ale, Hayhoof, Hedge-maids
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
354
   
Hay-maids, Cat's Foot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Goat's Rue
Botanical Name
 
Tephrosia virginiana
USDA:
 
Virginia Tephrosia
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
240
   
Wild Sweet Pea, Cat-gut
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
160
   
Goat's Rue, Hoary Pea, Wild Pea, Turkey Pea,
Indian Bean, Catgut, Devil's Shoe-strings
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Golden Alexanders
Botanical Name
 
Zizia aurea
USDA:
 
Golden Zizia
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
116
   
Golden Alexanders, Early Meadow Parsnip
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
155
   
Golden Meadow Parsnip
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Golden Ragwort
Botanical Name
 
Packera aurea
USDA:
 
Golden Ragwort
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
120
   
Groundsel, Squaw-weed
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
GOLDEN GROUNDSEL
   
Golden Groundsel, Golden Ragwort, Coughweed, Grundy-swallow
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
242
   
Ragwort, Golden Senecio, Female Regulator, Coughweed, Cocash Weed
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
192
   
Life-root, Swamp Squaw-weed, False Valerian
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Goldenseal
Botanical Name
 
Hydrastis canadensis
USDA:
 
Goldenseal
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
GOLDENSEAL
   
Yellowroot, Yellow Puccoon, Orange-root, Yellow Indian Paint,
Turmeric Root, Indian Turmeric, Ohio Curcuma, Ground Raspberry,
Eyeroot, Eyebalm, Yelloweye, Jaundice Root, Indian Dye
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Goldthread
Botanical Name
 
Coptis trifolia
USDA:
 
Three-leaf Goldthread
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
GOLDTHREAD
   
Coptis, Cankerroot
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
111
   
Mouth Root, Yellow Root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Grass Pink
Botanical Name
 
Calopogon tuberosus
USDA:
 
Tuberous Grasspink
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
96
   
Beautiful Calopogon
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
222
   
Calopogon
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
46
   
Bearded Pink, Swamp Pink
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
33
   
Grass Pink
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Greenbrier
Botanical Name
 
Smilax rotundifolia
USDA:
 
Roundleaf Greenbrier
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
298
   
Catbrier, Horse-brier
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
32
   
Green-brier, Cat-brier, Wait-a-bit, Biscuit leaves, Bamboo-brier,
Devil's Hop-vine, Hungry Vine, Bread-and-butter
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Groundnut
Botanical Name
 
Apios americana
USDA:
 
Groundnut
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
334
   
Wild Bean
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
169
   
Ground-nut, Wild-bean, Groundpea, Trailing-pea, Potato-pea,
Pig-potato, Indian-potato, White-apple, Traveler's-delight
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Heal-all
Botanical Name
 
Prunella vulgaris
USDA:
 
Common Selfheal
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
69
   
Late-flowering Self-heal, Lance-leaved Prunella
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
290
   
Wound Wort, Hercules Wound Wort, Panay, All Heal,
Brownwort, Sickle Wort, Self Heal
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
331
   
Carpenter-weed, Sicklewort
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
355
   
Self-heal, Heal-all, Blue Curls, Thimble-fl ower, All-heal,
Carpenter's-Herb, Heart-of-the-earth, Brunella
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Herb Robert
Botanical Name
 
Geranium robertianum
USDA:
 
Robert Geranium
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
198
   
Red Robin, Red Shanks, Dragon's Blood, Herb Robert
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Horse Balm
Botanical Name
 
Collinsonia canadensis
USDA:
 
Richweed
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
CITRONELLA HORSEBALM
   
Collinsonia, Knob Glass, Knobweed, Knotroot,
Richweed, Richleaf, Ox Balm
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
247
   
Hardrock, Horse-weed, Heal-all, Oxbalm, Knob Root, Stone Root
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
160
   
Stone-root, Citronella, Horse-balm
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Horse Nettle
Botanical Name
 
Solanum carolinense
USDA:
 
Carolina Horsenettle
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
86
   
Carolina Nightshade, Horse-nettle
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
HORSE NETTLE
   
Radical-weed, Tread-softly, Apple of Sodom
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
269
   
Wild Bull Nettle, Bull Nettle, Band Brier, Horse Nettle, Sand Brier
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Horseweed
Botanical Name
 
Conyza canadensis
USDA:
 
Canadian Horseweed
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
205
   
Pride Weed, Colt's Tail, Canada Fleabane, Butterweed, Bitterweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Indian Hemp
Botanical Name
 
Apocynum cannabinum
USDA:
 
Indianhemp
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
HEMP DOGBANE
   
Hemp Dogbane, Black Hemp, Black Indian Hemp, Canadian Hemp,
American Hemp, Bowmans Root, Bitterroot, Indian-Physic, Rheumatism Weed,
Milkweed, Wild Cotton, Choctaw-root
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
293
   
Amy-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Indian Pipe
Botanical Name
 
Monotropa uniflora
USDA:
 
Indianpipe
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA III
Page:  
42
   
One-flowered Wax-plant
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
46
   
Corpse Plant, Ice-Plant, Ghost-flower
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
263
   
Indian Pipe, Dutchman's Pipe, Fairy Smoke, American Ice Plant,
Convulsion Weed, Eyebright, Bird's Nest
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Indian Tobacco
Botanical Name
 
Lobelia inflata
USDA:
 
Indian-tobacco
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:   
177
   
Indian Tobacco
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
LOBELIA
   
Lobelia, Gagroot, Vomitwort, Pukeweed, Bladder Pod, Emetic Herb, Low Belia
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
373
   
Wild Tobacco, Gag-root, Asthma Weed, Bladder-pod Lobelia
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Botanical Name
 
Arisaema triphyllum
USDA:
 
Jack in the Pulpit
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:   
51
   
Dragon Root, Indian Turnip
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT
   
Wild Turnip, Arum, Three-leaved Arum, Wakerobin, Wild Pepper, Dragon-turnip,
Brown Dragon, Devil's-ear, Marsh Turnip, Swamp Turnip, Meadow Turnip,
Pepper Turnip, Starchwort, Bog Onion, Priest's-pintle, Lords-and-Ladies
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Jewelweed
Botanical Name
 
Impatiens capensis
USDA:
 
Jewelweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
156
   
Spotted Touch-me-not, Silver Cap, Lady's Ear Drop, Snap Weed,
Wild Balsam, Wild Lady's Slipper, Jewelweed
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
204
   
Impatience, Jewel-weed, Touch-me-not, Sling-fruit, Snap-weed, Snapdragon,
Kicking-colt, Kicking-horses, Speckled Jewels, Ear-jewel, Ear-drop, Ladies' Slipper
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
143
   
Balsam, Silver Leaf
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Jimsonweed
Botanical Name
 
Datura stramonium
USDA:
 
Jimsonweed
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY I
Page:  
18
   
Thorn Apple, Apple of Peru, Devil's Apple, Jamestown Weed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
105
   
Stramonium, Devil's Trumpet
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
JIMSON WEED
   
Jamestown Lily, Devil's Apple, Madapple, Stinkwort, Fireweed, Dewtry
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
180
   
Stink-weed, Apple-Peru
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
344
   
Jimson Weed, Peru Apple, Stinkweed, Thorn-apple
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Joe-Pye-weed
Botanical Name
 
Eupatorium purpureum
USDA:
 
Sweetscented Joe Pye Weed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
250
   
Trumpetweed, Gravel-root, Kidney-root, Purple Thoroughwort,
Tall Boneset, Purple Boneset, Joe-Pye Weed
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
210
   
Joe-Pie
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
89
   
Queen-of-the-Meadow
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Ladies' Tresses
Botanical Name
 
Spiranthes ssp.
USDA:
 
Lady's Tresses
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:   
127
   
Spiral Neotia, Ladies Traces (both names refer specifically Neotia tortilis)
 
Source:
 
LITTLE FLOWER FOLKS II
Page:   
32
   
Twist Flower
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
49
   
Wild Tube Rose, Screw Auger
 
Source:
 
ORCHIDS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
66, 127
   
Ladies' traces "…likened the arrangement of the flowers to the
traces or strings of a bodice."
 
   
" S. cernua is popularly called Drooping or Nodding ladies' tresses,
and in the old botanies, the Nodding-flowered Neottia."
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Large Purple-fringed Orchid
Botanical Name
 
Platanthera grandiflora
USDA:
 
Greater Purple Fringed Orchid
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:   
234
   
Spiral Neotia, Ladies Traces (both names refer specifically Neotia tortilis)
 
Source:
 
ORCHIDS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
93
   
Tattered-fringe Orchis
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Large Round-leaved Orchid
Botanical Name
 
Platanthera orbiculata
USDA:
 
Lesser Roundleaved Orchid
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:   
64
   
Large Round-leaved Orchis, Greater Green Orchis
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Larger Bur Marigold
Botanical Name
 
Bidens laevis
USDA:
 
Smooth Beggartick
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:   
176
   
Brook Sunflower, Larger Bur-marigold
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Lesser Stitchwort
Botanical Name
 
Stellaria graminea
USDA:
 
Grass-like Starwort
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:   
23
   
Grass-leaved Stitchwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Live-for-ever
Botanical Name
 
Hylotelephium telephium
USDA:
 
Witch's Moneybags
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
254
   
Garden Orpine, Mid-summer-men, Pudding-bag Plant, Live-long,
Witches' Money, Garden Stone-crop
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
160
   
Aaron's Rod
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Lousewort
Botanical Name
 
Pedicularis canadensis
USDA:
 
Canadian Lousewort
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
216
   
Wood Betony, Beefsteak Plant, High Heal-all, Lousewort
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
285
   
Betony
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Mad-dog Skullcap
Botanical Name
 
Scutellaria lateriflora
USDA:
 
Blue Skullcap
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
78
   
Blue Scull-cap
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
294
   
Mad-dog Skullcap, Helmet Flower, Madweed, Hoodwort
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
229
   
Scull-cap, Side-flowering Scullcap, Blue Pimpernell, Mad Dogweed
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
352
   
Skullcap, Mad-dog
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Many-flowered White Aster
Botanical Name
 
Symphyotrichum ericoides
USDA:
 
White Heath Aster
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
304
   
White Heath Aster, Frost-weed Aster, Frostweed, Michaelmas Daisy,
Farewell Summer, White Rosemary, Dog-fennel, Mare's tail, Scrub-brush
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Marsh Marigold
Botanical Name
 
Caltha palustris
USDA:
 
Yellow Marsh Marigold
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
112
   
Meadow-gowan, American Cowslip
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
18
   
Meadow Bouts, Water Dragon
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
121
   
Cowslip, Meadow Gowan
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
May Apple
Botanical Name
 
Podophyllum peltatum
USDA:
 
Mayapple
 
Source:
 
American medical botany II
Page:   
34
   
May Apple, Mandrake
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
97
   
Wild Lemon, Hog Apple
 
Source:
 
Beginner’s Guide
Page:  
31
   
Umbrella Leaf
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
MAYAPPLE
   
Wild Mandrake, American Mandrake, Ground Lemon, Devil's Apple,
Indian Apple, Duck's-foot, Umbrella Plant, Vegetable Calomel
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
161
   
Raccoon Berry
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Meadow Beauty
Botanical Name
 
Rhexia virginica
USDA:
 
Handsome Harry
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
13
   
Virginia Rhexia
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
246
   
Meadow Beauty, Deer-Grass
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Meadow-sweet
Botanical Name
 
Spiraea alba var. latifolia
USDA:
 
White Meadowsweet
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
228
   
Queen-of-the-Meadows, Quaker Lady, Meadow-sweet
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
258
   
Willow-leaved Meadow-sweet, American Meadow-sweet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Mitrewort
Botanical Name
 
Mitella diphylla
USDA:
 
Twoleaf Miterwort
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA III
Page:  
52
   
American Bastard Sanicle, Two-leaved Mitella
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
10
   
Bishop's Cap
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
43
   
Fringe Cup, Two-leaved Bishop's Cap
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Mossy Stonecrop
Botanical Name
 
Sedum acre
USDA:
 
Goldmoss Stonecrop
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
123
   
Stone Crop, Mossy Stone Crop, Pricket, Mouse-tail, Wall-pepper, Country-pepper,
Jack-of-the-buttery, Golden Chain, Creeping Jack, Bird's Bread, Mountain Moss,
Pride-madam, Biting Orpine, Love-entangled, Treasure-glove, Tangle-tail, Rockplant,
Golden Moss, Biting Stone crop, Creeping Charlie, Wall-moss, Pepper Crop, Ginger,
Poor-man's pepper, Little House Leek, Welcome-home-husband-though-ever-so-drunk
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Motherwort
Botanical Name
 
Leonurus cardiaca
USDA:
 
Common Motherwort
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
332
   
Motherwort, Lion's-tail, Lion's-ear, Throwwort
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
84
   
Cowthwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Mountain Laurel
Botanical Name
 
Kalmia latifolia
USDA:
 
Mountain Laurel
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
212
   
American Laurel, Calico Bush, Spoonwood, Calmoun, Broad-leaved Kalmia
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
70
   
Ivy-bush, Kalmia, Mountain Laurel
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Mullein
Botanical Name
 
Verbascum thapsus
USDA:
 
Common Mullein
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
144
   
Common Mullein, Velvet Plant, Flannel Plant, Mullein Dock, Aaron's Rod
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
282
   
Velvet Dock, Mullen Dock
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
MULLEIN
   
Great Mullein, Adam's-flannel, Oldman's-flannel, Blanket leaf, Bullock's Lungwort,
Cow's Lungwort, Clown's Lungwort, Candlewick, Feltwort, Hare's-beard
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
345
   
Velvet Mullein, Aaron's Flannel, Jupiter's Staff, Shepherd's Club,Hedge Taper,
Ice-leaf, Jacob's Staff, Peter's Staff, Torches, Lady's Foxglove, Torchwort
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
161
   
Flannel-leaf
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Narrow-leaved Cat-tail
Botanical Name
 
Typha angustifolia
USDA:
 
Narrowleaf Cattail
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
6
   
Cat-o'-nine-tails, Cat-tail Flag, Lesser Reed Mace
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
New England Aster
Botanical Name
 
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
USDA:
 
New England Aster
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
304
   
Starwort, New England Aster
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
New Jersey Tea
Botanical Name
 
Ceanothus americanus
USDA:
 
New Jersey Tea
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
100
   
Red-root, New Jersey Tea
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
214
   
Wild Snowball
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
New York Ironweed
Botanical Name
 
Vernonia noveboracensis
USDA:
 
New York Ironweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
300
   
Ironweed, Flat Top
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Nodding Trillium
Botanical Name
 
Trillium cernuum
USDA:
 
Whip-poor-will Flower
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
13
   
Drooping Three-leaved Nightshade, Drooping Trillium, Nodding Trillium
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
22
   
Smiling Trillium
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
One-flowered Pyrola
Botanical Name
 
Moneses uniflora
USDA:
 
Single Delight
 
Source:
 
LITTLE FLOWER FOLKS II
Page:  
8
   
Monesis, Our Delight
 
 
     
 
Common Name:
 
Oswego Tea
Botanical Name
 
Monarda didyma
USDA:
 
Scarlet Beebalm
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
246
   
Bee Balm
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
20
   
Indian's Plume, American Bee-balm, Oswego Tea
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Ox-eye Daisy
Botanical Name
 
Leucanthemum vulgare
USDA:
 
Oxeye Daisy
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
268
   
White Daisy
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
407
   
Big Bull, Bull's Eye Daisy, Butter Dog, Dog-blow, Dutch Morgan, Field Daisy,
Great White Ox-eye Daisy, Farmer's Curse, Herb-margaret, Horse, Horse-gowan, Margarite, Maudlin, Mid-summer Moon, Ox-eye Daisy, Moon-penny, Poverty-weed,
Poor-land, Moon-flower, Sheriff-pink, White-man's-weed
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
313
   
Daisy, White-weed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Painted Cup
Botanical Name
 
Castilleja coccinea
USDA:
 
Scarlet Indian Paintbrush
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
260
   
Scarlet Painted Cup, Painted Cup, Indian Paint-brush
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
77
   
Scarlet Cup
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Painted Trillium
Botanical Name
 
Trillium undulatum
USDA:
 
Painted Trillium
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
10
   
Sarah
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pale Corydalis
Botanical Name
 
Corydalis sempervirens
USDA:
 
Rock Harlequin
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW .
Page:  
41
   
Pink Corydalis
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Partridge Berry
Botanical Name
 
Mitchella repens
USDA:
 
Partridgeberry
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA III
Page:  
67
   
Creeping Mitchella, Partridge-berry, Chequer-berry
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
6
   
Partridge Berry, Partridge Vine, Twinberry, Mitchella-vine, Squawberry
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
241
   
Squaw Vine, One Berry, Checkerberry, Winter Clover, Deerberry, Hive Vine
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Partridge Pea
Botanical Name
 
Chamaecrista fasciculata
USDA:
 
Partridge Pea
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
166
   
Large-flowered Sensitive Plant
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
244
   
Large Sensitive Plant
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
144
   
Prairie Senna, Large-flowered Sensitive Pea, Wild Sensitive Plant
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pasture Rose
Botanical Name
 
Rosa carolina
USDA:
 
Carolina Rose
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW .
Page:  
49
   
Swamp Rose
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pearly Everlasting
Botanical Name
 
Anaphalis margaritacea
USDA:
 
Western Pearly Everlasting
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
86
   
Large-flowered Everlasting, Immortelle, Silver-leaf, Cotton-weed,
Moonshine, None-so-pretty
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
399
   
Silver-button (local name), Pearly Everlasting, Silver-leaf Everlasting,
Lady-never-fade, Poverty-weed, Indian Posy, Ladies' Tobacco
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
308
   
Life Everlasting, Cotton-weed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Peppermint
Botanical Name
 
Mentha ×piperita
USDA:
 
Peppermint
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
PEPPERMINT
   
American Mint, Lammint
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
358
   
Lamb-mint, Brandy-mint
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Perfoliate Bellwort
Botanical Name
 
Uvularia perfoliata
USDA:
 
Perfoliate Bellwort
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
113
   
Pale Perfoliated Uvularia
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
122
   
Bellwort
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
11
   
Wood Daffodil
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
96
   
Straw Bell
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pigweed
Botanical Name
 
Chenopodium album
USDA:
 
Lambsquarters
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
80
   
Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed, Smooth Pigweed, White Goosefoot,
Frost Bite, Mealweed, Meldweed, Beaconweed, Fat-hen, Muckweed,
Wild Spinach, Jerusalem Oak
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pimpernel
Botanical Name
 
Anagallis arvensis
USDA:
 
Scarlet Pimpernel
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
236
   
Poor-man's Weather-glass, Shepherd's Weatherglass
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
296
   
Shepherd's Clock, Poison Chickweed, Red Chickweed, Burnet Rose, Red
Pimpernel, Bird's-eye, Bird's-tongue, Inn Flower, Eyebright, Shepherd's
Delight, Wink-a-peek, Shepherd's Warning, Shepherd's Sundial
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pinesap
Botanical Name
 
Monotropa hypopithys
USDA:
 
Pinesap
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
330
   
Pinesap, False Beechdrops, Yellow Bird's Nest
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
18
   
Bird's Nest
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pink Azalea
Botanical Name
 
Rhododendron prinophyllum
USDA:
 
Early Azalea
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
208
   
Pinxter Flower, Wild Azalea, Wild Honeysuckle, Pink Azalea, Purple Azalea
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pink Knotweed
Botanical Name
 
Polygonum pensylvanicum
USDA:
 
Pennsylvania Smartweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
248
   
Smartweed, Common Persicaria, Jointweed, Pink Knotweed
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
76
   
Pennsyvania Persicaria, Glandular Persicary, Purple-lead
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
35
   
Persicaria
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pink Ladyslipper
Botanical Name
 
Cypripedium acaule
USDA:
 
Moccasin Flower
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
204
   
Stemless Lady's Slipper, Venus' Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
39
   
Pink Lady's Slipper, Purple Lady's Slipper, Indian Moccasin, Noah's Ark,
Nerve Root, Camel's Foot, Squirrel Shoes, Two-lips, Old-goose
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pipsissewa
Botanical Name
 
Chimaphila umbellata
USDA:
 
Pipsissewa
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
15
   
Pipsissewa, Winter Green
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
234
   
Prince's Pine
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
PIPSISSEWA
   
Common Pipsissewa, Prince's Pine Pyrola, Rheumatism Weed,
Bitter Wintergreen, King's-cure, Love-in- Winter, Noble Pine, Pine Tulip
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
195
   
Princess Pine, False Wintergreen, Ground Holly
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pitcher-plant
Botanical Name
 
Sarracenia purpurea
USDA:
 
Purple Pitcherplant
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
202
   
Indian Dipper, Side-saddle Flower,
Huntsman's Cup
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
196
   
Fly Trap
 
Source:
 
LITTLE FLOWER FOLKS I
Page:  
117
   
Monkey Pitchers
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
115
   
Pitcher-Plant, Huntsman-cup, Eve's-cup, Indian Pitcher, Indiancup, Meadow-cup,
Fever-cup, Adam's Pitcher, Forefather's Pitcher, Foxglove, Small-poxplant,
Adam's-cup, Forefather's-cup, Whippoorwill's-boots, Whippoorwill's-shoes, Watches
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
73
   
Soldier's Drinking Cup
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
14
   
Indian Cup
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Poison Hemlock
Botanical Name
 
Conium maculatum
USDA:
 
Poison Hemlock
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
POISON HEMLOCK
   

Poison Hemlock, Spotted Parsley, Spotted Cowbane, Poison Parsley,
St.-Bennet's-herb, Bad-man's-oatmeal, Wode-whistle, Cashes, Bunk, Heckhow,
Poison Root, Spotted Hemlock, Spotted Conium, Poison Snakeweed,
Beaver Poison

 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Poison Ivy
Botanical Name
 
Toxicodendron radicans
USDA:
 
Eastern Poison Ivy
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
19
   
Poison Ivy, Poison Creeper
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
34
   
Three-leaved Ivy, Mercury
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
192
   
Climath, Mercury Vine, Poison Ash, Poison Oak, Black Mercury,
Climbing Ivy, Mark-weed, Pickry
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Poison Sumac
Botanical Name
 
Toxicodendron vernix
USDA:
 
Poison Sumac
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY I
Page:  
96
   
Poison Tree, Poison Wood, Poison Ash, Dogwood (MA)
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
194
   
Poison Sumach, Poison Elder, Poison Dogwood
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Poke Milkweed
Botanical Name
 
Asclepias exaltata
USDA:
 
Poke Milkweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
102
   
Tall Milkweed, Poke Milkweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pokeweed
Botanical Name
 
Phytolacca americana
USDA:
 
American Pokeweed
 
Source:
 
American medical botany I
Page:   
40
   
Pocan, Garget, Cocum, Jalap, Pigeon Berries
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:   
92
   
Pokeweed, Pigeon-berry, Scoke, Inkberry, Garget
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
POKEBERRY
   
Virginia Poke, Red Inkberry, American Nightshade, Cancer Jalap
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
202
   
Coakum
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
217
   
Poke
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Purple Corn Cockle
Botanical Name
 
Agrostemma githago
USDA:
 
Common Corncockle
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET Wildflowers
Page:  
91
   
Corn-pink, Corn-mullen, Mullen Pink, Old Maid's Pink
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
35
   
Corn Cockle, Corn Rose, Corn Campion, Crown-of-the-field
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Purple Gerardia
Botanical Name
 
Agalinis purpurea
USDA:
 
Purple False Foxglove
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
266
   
Large Purple Gerardia
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Purple Milkwort
Botanical Name
 
Polygala sanguinea
USDA:
 
Purple Milkwort
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
33
   
Purple Milkwort
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
210
   
Common Milkwort, Field Milkwort, Purple Polygala
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
180
   
Century (local name), Bitter Milkwort, Pink Milkwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Purple Trillium
Botanical Name
 
Trillium erectum
USDA:
 
Red Trillium
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:   
PURPLE TRILLIUM
   
Bethroot, Trillium, Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Ill-scented Trillium, Birthwort, Bathwort, Bathflower, Red Wake-robin, Purple Wake-robin, Red-benjamin, Bumblebee Root, Daffydowndilly, Dishcloth, Indian Balm, Indian Shamrock, Nosebleed, Squawflower, Squawroot, Wood Lily, Truelove
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
29
   
Death Flower, Birth-root
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
321
   
Birthroot, Ill-scented Wake-robin
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Purple-stemmed Aster
Botanical Name
 
Symphyotrichum puniceum
USDA:
 
Purplestem Aster
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
383
   
Red-stalk Aster, Early Purple Aster, Swanweed, Cocash, Meadow Scabish
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Pussy-toes
Botanical Name
 
Antennaria plantaginifolia
USDA:
 
Woman's Tobacco
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
12
   
Early Spring Everlasting, Plantain-leaved Everlasting, Mouse-ear Everlasting,
White Plantain, Ladies Tobacco
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Queen Anne's Lace
Botanical Name
 
Daucus carota
USDA:
 
Queen Anne's Lace
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
88
   
Wild Carrot, Bird's Nest, Queen Anne's Lace
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
59
   
Bee's Nest Plant, Bird's Nest Root
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
257
   
Bird's Nest Plant, Crow's Nest, Lace-flower, Parsnip, Devil's-plague
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rabbit's-foot Clover
Botanical Name
 
Trifolium arvense
USDA:
 
Rabbitfoot Clover
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
252
   
Old Field Clover, Rabbit-foot's Clover, Stone Clover
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
153
   
Pussy-foot Clover, Hare's-foot Clover, Rabbit-foot Clover, Pussy Clover,
Calf Clover, Stone Crop, Poverty-grass, Dogs and Cats, Pussies, Pussy cats
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
263
   
Hare's-foot, Rabbit-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Ragged Green Orchid
Botanical Name
 
Platanthera lacera
USDA:
 
Green Fringed Orchid
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
62
   
Fringed Green Orchis, Ragged Fringed Orchis
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
42
   
Ragged Orchid, Green Fringed Orchid
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
110
   
Ragged Orchis
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rattlesnake Plantain
Botanical Name
 
Goodyera pubescens
USDA:
 
Downy Rattlesnake Plantain
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
62
   
Rattlesnake Plantain, Downy Rattlesnake Plantain
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
211
   
Net Leaf Plantain, Scrofula Weed, Adder's Violet
 
Source:
 
ORCHIDS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
124
   
Barton's Vein-leaved Neottia
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rattlesnakeroot
Botanical Name
 
Prenanthes altissima
USDA:
 
Tall Rattlesnakeroot
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
332
   
Wild Lettuce, Canker-weed, Lion's Foot
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
314
   
White Cankerweed, Rattlesnake-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rattlesnake-weed
Botanical Name
 
Hieracium venosum
USDA:
 
Rattlesnakeweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
174
   
Early Hawkweed, Vein-leaf Hawkweed, Snake Plantain,
Poor Robin's Plantain
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
200
   
Hawkbit
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Red Clover
Botanical Name
 
Trifolium pratense
USDA:
 
Red Clover
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
155
   
Broad-leaved Clover, Sugar-plums, Cow-grass
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
23
   
Common Red Clover
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
50
   
Purple Clover, Meadow Clover
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rhododendron
Botanical Name
 
Rhododendron maximum
USDA:
 
Great Laurel
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
101
   
American Rose Bay
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
69
   
American Rhododendron, Great Rhododendron, Great Laurel,
Rose Tree, Rose Bay
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Robin's Plantain
Botanical Name
 
Erigeron pulchellus
USDA:
 
Robin's Plantain
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
384
   
Poor Robin's Plantain, Rose Petty, Robert's Plantain, Blue Spring Daisy
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rose Pink
Botanical Name
 
Sabatia angularis
USDA:
 
Rosepink
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
20
   
American Centaury, Centaury
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
17
   
Bitter-bloom, Bitter Clover
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rose Pogonia
Botanical Name
 
Pogonia ophioglossoides
USDA:
 
Snakemouth Orchid
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
20
   
Adder's Tongue Pogonia
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
222
   
Sweet Pogonia, Snake Mouth, Rose Pogonia
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
45
   
Adder's Mouth Pogonia, Snakemouth
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Round-leaved Hepatica
Botanical Name
 
Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa
USDA:
 
Roundlobe Hepatica
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
270
   
Liverleaf, Hepatica, Liverwort, Round-lobed Liverleaf, Kidney Liverleaf,
Noble Liverleaf, Squirrel Cup
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
LIVERLEAF
    Common Liverleaf, Heart Liverwort, Three-leaved Liverwort, Liverweed,
Herb Trinity, Golden Trefoil, Ivy Flower, Mouse-ears
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
327
   
Kidney-leaf, Noble Liverwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Round-leaved Shin-leaf
Botanical Name
 
Pyrola americana
USDA:
 
American Wintergreen
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
38
   
Round-leaved Pyrola
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
209
    Pear-Leaf Wintergreen
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
287
   
Round-leaved Wintergreen, Pear-leaved Wintergreen, False Wintergreen,
Indian Lettuce, Canker Lettuce
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Round-leaved Sundew
Botanical Name
 
Drosera rotundifolia
USDA:
 
Roundleaf Sundew
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
66
   
Dew-plant
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
121
    Round leaved Sundew, Dew Plant, Eyebright, Moor-grass, Youthwort
 
Source:
 
Wildflowers Every Child Should Know
Page:  
253
   
Rosa-solis, Youth-wort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Round-leaved Yellow Violet
Botanical Name
 
Viola rotundifolia
USDA:
 
Roundleaf Yellow Violet
 
Source:
 
Who’s Who Among Wildflowers
Page:  
179
   
Round-leaved Violet, Early Yellow Violet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Rue Anemone
Botanical Name
 
Thalictrum thalictroides
USDA:
 
Rue Anemone
 
Source:
  FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
27
   
Wood Anemone
 
 
   
Common Name:
 
Sanicle
Botanical Name
 
Sanicula marilandica
USDA:
 
Maryland Sanicle
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
226
   
Black Snake Root, Pool Root, American Sanicle
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sea Lavender
Botanical Name
 
Limonium carolinianum
USDA:
 
Lavender Thrift, American Thrift, Canker Root, Marsh Root
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
51
   
Marsh Rosemary
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
318
   
Sea Lavender, Canker-root, Ink-root
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
343
   
Adder's Mouth Pogonia, Snakemouth
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Seneca Snakeroot
Botanical Name
 
Polygala senega
USDA:
 
Seneca Snakeroot
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
97
   
Seneca Snake Root
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
SENECA-SNAKEROOT
   
Senega Snakeroot, Seneca Root, Rattlesnake-root, Mountain Flax
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
230
   
Seneka, Senega
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sessile-leaved Bellwort
Botanical Name
 
Uvularia sessilifolia
USDA:
 
Sessileleaf Bellwort
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
55
   
Sessile-leaved Uvularia
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
122
   
Oakesia
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
97
   
Wild Oat
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sheep Laurel
Botanical Name
 
Kalmia angustifolia
USDA:
 
Sheep Laurel
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
220
   
Lambkill, Calf-kill, Wicky, Sheep-poison
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
267
   
Sheep Laurel, Narrow-leaved Laurel, Sheep Poison
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Shepherd's Purse
Botanical Name
 
Capsella bursa-pastoris
USDA:
 
Shepherd's Purse
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
110
   
Shepherd's Purse, Shepherd's Bag, Shepherd's Pouch, Pickpocket, Caseweed,
Mother's-hearts, St. James'-weed, Pick-purse, Ladies'-purse,
Witch's-pouch, Shovel-weed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Shinleaf
Botanical Name
 
Pyrola elliptica
USDA:
 
Waxflower Shinleaf
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
35
   
Sweet Wintergreen
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Showy Orchis
Botanical Name
 
Galearis spectabilis
USDA:
 
Showy Orchid
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
206
   
Showy Orchis, Gay Orchis, Spring Orchis
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Botanical Name
 
Dasiphora fruticosa
USDA:
 
Shrubby Cinquefoil
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
22
   
Yellow-flowered Strawberry
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
134
   
Shrubby Cinquefoil, Prairie Weed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Silvery Cinquefoil
Botanical Name
 
Potentilla argentea
USDA:
 
Shrubby Cinquefoil
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
135
   
Silvery Five-finger
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
133
   
Hoary Cinquefoil, Silvery Cinquefoil
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Skunk Cabbage
Botanical Name
 
Symplocarpus foetidus
USDA:
 
Skunk Cabbage
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
42
   
Skunk Cabbage, Skunk Weed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
322
   
Swamp Cabbage
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
SKUNKCABBAGE
   
Collard, Fetid Hellebore, Stinking Poke, Pockweed, Polecat Weed,
Skunkcabbage
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
235
   
Pole Cat Weed, Meadow Cabbage
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Slender Ladies' Tresses
Botanical Name
 
Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis
USDA:
 
Northern Slender Lady's Tresses
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
50
   
Slender Ladies' Twisted Stalk, Corkscrew Plant
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Small Purple-fringed Orchid
Botanical Name
 
Platanthera psycodes
USDA:
 
Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid
 
Source:
 
ORCHIDS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
113
   
Flaming Orchis (VT)
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Small White Aster
Botanical Name
 
Symphyotrichum racemosum
USDA:
 
Smooth White Oldfield Aster
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
305
   
Dense-flowered Aster, White Wreath Aster, Fall Flower
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Snow Trillium
Botanical Name
 
Snow Trillium
Trillium grandiflorum
USDA:
 
White Trillium
 
Source:
 
NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
21
   
Death Flower
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Soapwort
Botanical Name
 
Saponaria officinalis
USDA:
 
Bouncingbet
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
216
   
Bouncing Bet, Hedge Pink, Old Maid's Pink, Fuller's Herb
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
278
   
Dog's Cloves, Wild Soapwort
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
93
   
Bunch-of-keys (local for double form), Chimney Pink, Boston Pink,
Soap-root, Ladder-by-the-Gate, Mock-gilliflower, Soap-gentian,
Wild Sweet William, Woods Flax, World's-wonder
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
38
   
Bruisewort, Sheepweed, Soapwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sour Grass
Botanical Name
 
Rumex Acetosella
USDA:
 
Common Sheep Sorrel
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
233
   
Red Sorrel
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
72
   
Sour Dock, Sharp Dock, Mountain Sorrel, Horse Sorrel, Cow Sorrel,
Toad Sorrel, Gentleman's Sorrel, Red Weed, Wood Sorrel, Redtop Sorrel,
Sour Weed, Sour-grass
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
111
   
Sheep Sorrel, Field Sorrel, Sour Grass
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Spearmint
Botanical Name
 
Mentha spicata
USDA:
 
Spearmint
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
SPEARMINT
   
Mint, Brown Mint, Lamb Mint, Mackerel Mint, Our Lady's Mint
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
357
   
Spearmint, Sage of Bethlehem, Garden Mint
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Spicebush
Botanical Name
 
Lindera benzoin
USDA:
 
Northern Spicebush
 
Source:
 
The Herbalist
Page:  
240
   
Benjamin Bush, Feverbush, Feverwood
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Spiderwort
Botanical Name
 
Tradescantia virginiana
USDA:
 
Virginia Spiderwort
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
17
   
Virginia Spiderwort
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
313
   
Widow's Tears, Job's Tears, Spiderwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Spikenard
Botanical Name
 
Aralia racemosa
USDA:
 
American Spikenard
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
21, 240
   
American Sarsaparilla, Wild Licorice, Nard, Oldman's Root
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
276
   
American Spikenard, Indian Root, Spignett
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Spotted Coralroot
Botanical Name
 
Corallorhiza maculata
USDA:
 
Summer Coralroot
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
332
   
Large Coral Root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Spreading Dogbane
Botanical Name
 
Apocynum androsaemifolium
USDA:
 
Spreading Dogbane
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
148
   
Dog's Bane
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
36
   
Bitter Root, Dog's Bane, Milk Weed, Honeybloom
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Squirrel Corn
Botanical Name
 
Dicentra canadensis
USDA:
 
Squirrel Corn
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
33
   
Turkey Corn
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Starflower
Botanical Name
 
Trientalis borealis
USDA:
 
Starflower
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
35
   
American Chick-weed Winter Green
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
30
   
Star Anemone, Chickweed Wintergreen, Star Flower
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Steeple-bush
Botanical Name
 
Spiraea tomentosa
USDA:
 
Steeplebush
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
228
   
Hardhack, Steeplebush
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Striped Pipsissewa
Botanical Name
 
Chimaphila maculata
USDA:
 
Striped Prince's Pine
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
40
   
Spotted-leaved Pipsissewa
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
234
   
Spotted Wintergreen, Pipsissewa
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Pipsissewa
   
Striped Pipsissewa, Spotted Pipsissewa, Spotted Piperidge,
Ratsbane, Dragon's-tongue
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
261
   
Rheumatism Root, Dragon's Tongue, Wild Arsenic, Rat's-bane
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Swamp Candles
Botanical Name
 
Lysimachia terrestris
USDA:
 
Earth Loosestrife
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
1
   
Cluster-flowered Loosestrife
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
140
   
Loosestrife
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
294
   
Swamp Candles, Upright Loosestrife
         
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
158
   
Bulb-bearing Loosestrife
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Swamp Rose Mallow
Botanical Name
 
Hibiscus moscheutos
USDA:
 
Crimsoneyed Rosemallow
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
210
   
Swamp Rose Mallow, Swamp Mallow, Water Mallow, Sea Hollyhock
         
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
61
   
Mallow Rose, Swamp Rose-mallow
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet Everlasting
Botanical Name
 
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
USDA:
 
Rabbit-tobacco
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
SWEET CUDWEED
   
Sweet Cudweed, Fragrant Life Ever Lasting, Feather-weed, Rabbit-tobacco
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
149
   
Old Field Balsam, Sweet Scented Life Everlasting
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
400
   

Common Everlasting, Cudweed, Sweet Life Everlasting, Fragrant Everlasting,
Sweet White Balsam, Life-of-Man, Moonshine

         
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
310
   
Sweet Balsam, White Balsam, Fragrant Life Everlasting, Poverty,
Balsam-weed, Indian Posey
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet Fern
Botanical Name
 
Comptonia peregrina
USDA:
 
Sweet Fern
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
SWEETFERN
   
Sweetfern, Ferngale, Fern Bush, Meadow Fern, Shrubby Fern,
Canada Sweetgale, Spleenwort Bush, Sweet Bush, Sweet Ferry
 
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet Flag
Botanical Name
 
Acorus americanus
USDA:
 
Sweetflag
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
SWEETFLAG
   
Sweet Cane, Sweet Grass, Sweet Myrtle, Sweet Rush, Sweet Sedge,
Sweet Segg, Sweetroot, Cinnamon Sedge, Myrtle Grass, Myrtle Sedge,
Beewort
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
251
   
Myrtle Flag
         
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
16
   
Sweet Root, Sedge-root, Sedge-cane, Sedge-grass, Flag-root, Sedge-rush,
Sea-sedge, Myrtle-sedge, Myrtlegrass, Myrtle-flag
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet Goldenrod
Botanical Name
 
Solidago odora
USDA:
 
Anisescented Goldenrod
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY I
Page:  
187
   
Sweet scented Golden rod
         
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
FRAGRANT GOLDENROD
   
Fragrant Goldenrod, Wound Weed, Blue Mountain Tea,
Sweet-scented Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod,
True Goldenrod
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet Pepperbush
Botanical Name
 
Clethra alnifolia
USDA:
 
Coastal Sweetpepperbush
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
40
   
White Alder, Alder-leaved Clethra
         
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
260
   
Sweet Pepperbush, Spiked Alder
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet White Clover
Botanical Name
 
Melilotus officinalis
USDA:
 
Yellow Sweetclover, Ribbed Melilot, Field Melilot, Cornilla Real
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
86
   
Sweet Clover, Bokhara Clover, Tree Clover, Honey Lotus
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Sweet-scented Water Lily
Botanical Name
 
Nymphaea odorata
USDA:
 
American White Waterlily
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
134
   
Sweet Scented Water Lily
         
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
224
   
Sweet-scented White Water Lily, Pond Lily, Water Nymph
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Tall Buttercup
Botanical Name
 
Ranunculus acris
USDA:
 
Tall Buttercup
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
100
   
Tall Buttercup, Meadow Buttercup, Meadow Crowfoot, Gold-knaps,
Butter-rose, Butter-cresses, Butterdaisy, Goldcup, Ringcup, Horse-Gold,
Bachelor Buttons, Blister Plant
         
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
120
   
Common Meadow Buttercup, Tall Crowfoot, Blister Flowers,
Butter Flowers
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Tansy
Botanical Name
 
Tanacetum vulgare
USDA:
 
Tansy, Golden-buttons, Hierba Lombriguera
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
170
   
Bitter-buttons
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
Tansy
   
Scented Fern, English Cost, Hindheal
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
256
   
Parsley Fern
         
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
189
   
Hindheel, Ginger-plant
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Thimbleweed
Botanical Name
 
Anemone virginiana
USDA:
 
Tall Thimbleweed
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
44
   
Tall Anemone, Summer Anemone, Thimbleweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Thread-leaved Sundew
Botanical Name
 
Drosera filiformis
USDA:
 
Threadleaf Sundew
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
117
   
Thread-leaved Sundew, Red-rot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Toothwort
Botanical Name
 
Cardamine diphylla
USDA:
 
Crinkleroot
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
6
   
Toothwort, Crinkle-root
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
37
   
Two-leaved Toothwort
 
Source:
 
A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
184
   
Pepper-root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Trailing Arbutus
Botanical Name
 
Epigaea repens
USDA:
 
Trailing Arbutus
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
94
   
Mayflower, Ground Laurel
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
TRAILING-ARBUTUS
   
Shadflower, Mountain Pink, Winter Pink
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
276
   
Wild May Flower, Gravel Plant
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
269
   
Crocus
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Trout Lily
Botanical Name
 
Erythronium americanum
USDA:
 
Dogtooth Violet
 
Source:
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY I
Page:  
116
   
American Erythronium, Dog's-tooth Violet
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
110
   
Yellow Adder's Tongue
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
14
   
Serpent's Tongue, Yellow Snowdrop,
Rattlesnake-Violet, Yellow Snakeleaf
 
Source:
 
LITTLE FLOWER FOLKS I
Page:  
103
   
Adder's Tongue
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
9
   
Dog Tooth Violet
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
100
   
Fawn Lily, Trout Lily
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
True Solomon's Seal
Botanical Name
 
Polygonatum biflorum
USDA:
 
Smooth Solomon's Seal
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
16
   
Twin Flowered Solomon's Seal,
True Solomon's Seal
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
30
    Small Solomon's Seal, Ladder-to-Heaven, Jacob's Ladder,
Dwarf Solomon's Seal, Hairy Solomon's Seal, Seawort, Conquer John
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Tubercled Orchid
Botanical Name
 
Platanthera flava var. herbiola
USDA:
 
Palegreen Orchid
 
Source:
 
ORCHIDS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
98
   
Greenish Orchid
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
108
    Small Pale Green Orchis, Tubercled Orchis
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Turk's-cap Lily
Botanical Name
 
Lilium superbum
USDA:
 
Turk's-cap Lily
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
134
   
Turban Lily, Turk's-cap Lily
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
27
   
Nodding Lily, Wild Tiger Lily, Turk's Head Lily
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
8
   
Tiger Lily
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Turtlehead
Botanical Name
 
Chelone glabra
USDA:
 
White Turtlehead
 
Source:
 
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA III
Page:  
42
   
Smooth Snake-head
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
TURTLEHEAD
   
White Turtlehead, Turtle Bloom,
Fishmouth Codhead, Salt Rheum Weed
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
259
   
Turtlebloom, Salt Rheum Seed
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
86
   
Snake Head, Turtle Head, Cod Head,
Shell-flower, Bitter-herb, Balmony
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Twinleaf
Botanical Name
 
Jeffersonia diphylla
USDA:
 
Twinleaf
 
Source:
 
WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
96
   
Rheumatism Root
 
Source:
 
BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
32
   
Umbrella Leaf
 
Source:
 
THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
TWINLEAF
   
Jeffersonia, Twinleaf, Helmetpod
 
Source:
 
THE HERBALIST
Page:  
260
   
Ground Squirrel Pea, Yellow Root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Venus' Looking-glass
Botanical Name
 
Triodanis perfoliata
USDA:
 
Clasping Venus' Looking-glass
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
369
   
Clasping Bellflower
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Viper's Bugloss
Botanical Name
 
Echium vulgare
USDA:
 
Common Viper's Bugloss
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
316
   
Viper's Herb, Viper's Grass, Blue Thistle, Snake-flower,
Blue Devil, Viper's Bugloss
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
320
   
Blue-weed, Viper's-bugloss, Viper's-stem, Adder's-wort, Cat's Tail
 
Source:
 
WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
348
   
Blueweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Virginia Cowslip
Botanical Name
 
Mertensia virginica
USDA:
 
Virginia Bluebells
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
310
   
Bluebells, Tree Lungwort, Smooth Lungwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Virginia Mountain Mint
Botanical Name
 
Pycnanthemum virginianum
USDA:
 
Virginia Mountainmint
 
Source:
 
NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
333
   
Virginia Mountain Mint, Virginia Thyme, Mountain Thyme, Prarie-hyssop,
Pennyroyal, Basil
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Virgin's Bower
Botanical Name
 
Clematis virginiana
USDA:
 
Devil's Darning Needles
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
60
   
Traveller's Joy, Old Man's Beard, Devil's Yarn, Virgin's Bower
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Water Hemlock
Botanical Name
 
Cicuta maculata
USDA:
 
Spotted Water Hemlock
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
102
   
Spotted Cow-bane, Musquash Root, Beaver Poison, Water Hemlock
 
Source:
  A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
30
   
Children's Bane
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Water Knotweed
Botanical Name
 
Polygonum amphibium
USDA:
 
Water Knotweed
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
248
   
Water Persicaria
 
Source:
  A GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
38
   
Amphibious Knotweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Water Parsnip
Botanical Name
 
Sium suave
USDA:
 
Hemlock Waterparsnip
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
102
   
Water Parsnip, Hemlock Water Parsnip
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wavy-leaved Aster
Botanical Name
 
Symphyotrichum undulatum
USDA:
 
Wavyleaf Aster
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
380
   
Various-leaved Aster, Small Fleabane, Wavy-leaf Aster, Small Fleabane
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
White Baneberry
Botanical Name
 
Actaea pachypoda
USDA:
 
White Baneberry
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
241
   
Cohosh, Herb-Christopher, Rattlesnake Herb, Doll's Eyes (pg. 242)
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
White Fringed Orchid
Botanical Name
 
Platanthera blephariglottis
USDA:
 
White Fringed Orchid
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
40
   
White Fringed Orchid, Rein Orchid, Feather-leaved Orchid
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
White Snakeroot
Botanical Name
 
Ageratina altissima var. altissima
USDA:
 
White Snakeroot
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
68
   
White Sanicle, Indian Sanicle, Deerwort Boneset, White Snakeroot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Whorled Loosestrife
Botanical Name
 
Lysimachia quadrifolia
USDA:
 
Whorled Yellow Loosestrife
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
140
   
Whorled Loosestrife, Four-leaved Loosestrife, Crosswort
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
293
   
Liberty-tea, Yellow Balm, Five Sisters
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Calla
Botanical Name
 
Calla palustris
USDA:
 
Water Arum
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
26
   
Marsh Calla, Water Arum
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Coffee
Botanical Name
 
Triosteum perfoliatum
USDA:
 
Feverwort
 
Source:
  AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY I
Page:  
90
   
Fever Root, Wild Ipecac, Dr. Tinker's Weed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Columbine
Botanical Name
 
Aquilegia canadensis
USDA:
 
Red Columbine, Meeting-houses
 
Source:
  FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA I
Page:  
130
   
American Columbine
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
194
   
Honeysuckle
 
Source:
  NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
24
   
Rock Columbine
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Cucumber
Botanical Name
 
Echinocystis lobata
USDA:
 
Wild Cucumber
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
76
   
Wild Balsam-Apple
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Geranium
Botanical Name
 
Geranium maculatum
USDA:
 
Spotted Geranium
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
198
   
Wild Cranesbill
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
WILD GERANIUM
   
Crane's-bill, Stork's-bill, Alumbloom, Chocolate-flower,
Old-maid's-nightcap, Shameface
 
Source:
  THE HERBALIST
Page:  
272
   
Dove's Foot, Crow Foot, Wild Alum Root, Spotted Geranium, Crane's Bill
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
173
   
Wild Geranium, Spotted Cranesbill, Crowfoot, Dovefoot,
Sailor's-knot, Old Maid's-nightcap
 
Source:
  NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
31
   
Wood Geranium
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
55
   
Spotted Crane's-bill, Alum Root
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Ginger
Botanical Name
 
Asarum canadense
USDA:
 
Canadian Wildginger
 
Source:
  AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY I
Page:  
149
   
Canada Snake Root, Wild Ginger
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
CANADA WILDGINGER
   
Asarum, Heart Snakeroot, Southern Snakeroot, Black Snakeroot,
Coltsfoot Snakeroot, Black Snakeweed, Broadleaved Asarabacca,
False Coltsfoot, Colicroot
 
Source:
  THE HERBALIST
Page:  
274
   
Indian Ginger, Vermont Snake Root
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
8
   
Asarabacca, Canada Snakeroot
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Ginseng
Botanical Name
 
Panax quinquefolius
USDA:
 
American Ginseng
 
Source:
  AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
90
   
American Ginseng
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
GINSENG
   
Sang, Redberry, Fivefingers
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Indigo
Botanical Name
 
Baptisia tinctoria
USDA:
 
Horseflyweed
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
YELLOW WILD-INDIGO
   
Baptisia, Indigo Weed, Yellow Indigo, American Indigo, Yellow Broom,
Indigo Broom, Clover Broom, Horsefly Weed, Shoofly, Rattlebush
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
145
   
Clover-broom, Horsefly-broom, Indigo-broom, Indigo-weed,
Horsefleaweed, Wild Indigo
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Lettuce
Botanical Name
 
Lactuca canadensis
USDA:
 
Canada Lettuce
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
146
   
Tall Lettuce, Wild Opium, Horseweed, Wild Lettuce
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
197
   
Trumpet Weed, Fireweed, Trumpet Milkweed
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Parsnip
Botanical Name
 
Pastinaca sativa
USDA:
 
Wild Parsnip
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
116
   
Wild Parsnip, Field Parsnip, Madnep, Tank
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wild Sarsaparilla
Botanical Name
 
Aralia nudicaulis
USDA:
 
Wild Sarsaparilla
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
20
   
Wild Sarsaparilla, False Sarsaparilla
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
WILD-SARSAPARILLA
   
American Sarsaparilla, Shotbush, Rabbitroot, Wild Licorice
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
227
   
Virginian Sarsaparilla, Small Spikenard, Rabbit-foot, Wild Sarsaparilla
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wintercress
Botanical Name
 
Barbarea vulgaris
USDA:
 
Garden Yellowrocket
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
150
   
Yellow Rocket, Herb of St. Barbara, Yellow Bitter Cress, Rocket Cress
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
113
   
Common Wintercress
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
132
   
Bitter Cress, Winter Cress, Yellow Cress
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wintergreen
Botanical Name
 
Gaultheria procumbens
USDA:
 
Eastern Teaberry
 
Source:
  AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY II
Page:  
28
   
Partridge Berry, Chequer Berry, Box Berry, Mountain Tea
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
104
   
Checkerberry, Partridge-berry, Deerberry,Spice-berry,
Box-berry, Ground Tea
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
WINTERGREEN
   
Gaultheria, Aromatic Wintergreen, Spicy Wintergreen, Grouseberry,
Chickenberry, Groundberry, Hillberry, Ivyberry, Redberry Tea, Canadian Tea,
Ivory Plum, Chinks, Drunkards, Red Pollom, Rapper Dandies, Wax Cluster
 
Source:
  THE HERBALIST
Page:  
281
   
Teaberry, Periwinkle
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
270
   
One-berry, Ground Berry, Tea-berry, Green-berry, Ivy-plum, Red Pollen
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
290
   
Spring Wintergreen, Creeping Wintergreen, Dew-berry, Ground-tea
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Witch Hazel
Botanical Name
 
Hamamelis virginiana
USDA:
 
American Witchhazel
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
WITCH-HAZEL
   
Witch-Hazel, Snapping Hazel, Spotted Alder, Wych-hazel,
Striped Alder, Tobacco Wood.
 
Source:
  THE HERBALIST
Page:  
284
   
Winterbloom, Snapping Hazelnut, Spotted Alders
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wood Anemone
Botanical Name
 
Anemone quinquefolia
USDA:
 
Wood Anemone
 
Source:
  FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA II
Page:  
10
   
Five-leaved Anemone
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
18
   
Wind-flower
 
Source:
  BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Page:  
29
   
Mayflower
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
103
   
Wood Anemone, Wild Cucumber, Wood-flower,
Nimble Weed, Herb Trinity
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Wood Lily
Botanical Name
 
Lilium philadelphicum
USDA:
 
Wood Lily
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
124
   
Wild Orange-red Lily, Flame Lily, Philadelphia Lily
 
Source:
  AA GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
140
   
Wild Red Lily
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
24
   
Huckleberry Lily
 
Source:
  NORTH AMERICAN WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
53
   
Wild Orange Lily
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS OF NEW ENGLAND
Page:  
8
   
Red Wood Lily
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
6
   
Red Lily, Wood Lily
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Woodbine
Botanical Name
 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
USDA:
 
Virginia Creeper
 
Source:
  AA GUIDE TO THE WILD FLOWERS
Page:  
300
   
Virginia Creeper, American Ivy
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
206
   
Woodbine, False Grape, Five-fingered Ivy, Five-leaf Ivy
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yarrow
Botanical Name
 
Achillea millefolium
USDA:
 
Yarrow, Milenrama
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
58
   
Milfoil, Old Man's Pepper, Nosebleed
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
YARROW
   
Millefolium, Thousand-leaf Clover, Gordoloba, Green Arrow,
Dog Daisy, Bloodwort, Carpenter Grass, Cammock
 
Source:
  THE HERBALIST
Page:  
168
   
Thousand Seal
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
405
   
Yarrow, Thousand-leaf, Nosebleedweed, Sand-leaved Clover
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
310
   
Yarrow, Sanguinary, Soldier's Woundwort
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yellow Forest Violet
Botanical Name
 
Viola pubescens
USDA:
 
Downy Yellow Violet
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
180
   
Downy Yellow Violet
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yellow Bedstraw
Botanical Name
 
Galium verum
USDA:
 
Yellow Spring Bedstraw
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
168
   
Lady's Bedstraw, Cheese-rennet, Bedflower, Fleawort, Yellow Bedstraw
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yellow Ladyslipper
Botanical Name
 
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
USDA:
 
Greater Yellow Ladyslipper
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
126
   
Large Yellow Lady's Slipper, Yellow Moccasin Flower, Whippoorwill's Shoe
 
Source:
  THE HERB HUNTERS GUIDE
Page:  
LADYSLIPPER
   
Common Yellow Ladyslipper, Large Yellow Ladyslipper, Venus's-shoe, Venus's-cup,
Yellow Indian Shoe, Nerveroot, Male Nervine, Yellow Noah's-ark, Yellows,
Monkeyflower, Umbil-root, Yellow Umbil
 
Source:
  THE HERBALIST
Page:  
178
   
American Valerian, Nerve Root, Umbel, Ladies' Slipper, Noah's Ark
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yellow Pond Lily
Botanical Name
 
Nuphar lutea
USDA:
 
Yellow Pond-lily
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
132
   
Cow Lily, Large Yellow Pond Lily, Large Yellow Water Lily, Spatter-dock
 
Source:
  WILD FLOWERS EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW
Page:  
113
   
Brandy Bottles (England)
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yellow Star Grass
Botanical Name
 
Hypoxis hirsuta
USDA:
 
Common Goldstar
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
114
   
Star Grass
 
 
   
 
Common Name:
 
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Botanical Name
 
Oxalis stricta
USDA:
 
Common Yellow Oxalis
 
Source:
  WHO'S WHO AMONG WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
148
   
Lady's Sorrel
 
Source:
  NANTUCKET WILDFLOWERS
Page:  
172
   
Sheep Sorrel, Upright Yellow Wood Sorrel, Poison Sheep Sorrel,
Toad Sorrel, Ladies' Sour-grass, Sheep-poison, Sour-grass